[[轉載]]倫常乖舛,立見消亡

倫常乖舛,立見消亡

來源:摘自《趨吉避凶——重新認識中華傳統文化》 作者:陳大惠先生

  我們再看八個字:倫常乖舛,立見消亡。“倫常”是什麼意思呢?倫就是關係,常就是永遠不變的規律。“乖舛”是什麼意思?違背、背叛自然規律。倫常乖舛就是違背了倫常大道,你就等著立見消亡吧。

  我們現在看講五倫八德。五倫是什麼意思?就是五種關係,人生活在這個世界上,人和人之間存在五種關係。剛才我們講道就是規律、秩序和關係。一棵樹,要從種子長成參天大樹,跟陽光、土壤、水分、養料都有關係。人生活在世界上,就像一棵樹一樣,自自然然的會和周圍有關係,這個關係就是“倫常大道”的倫。這種關係不是我們自己規定的,也不是我們誰發明的,它是天然如此的。樹和水有關係,你偏不讓它跟水發生關係,倫常乖舛,立見消亡,樹就死了,就這麼簡單。所以自然的道就包括了關係。人生活在自然界,就是要明白關係。

  五種關係,第一個是父子有親。親是什麼意思?親愛,不但親切還愛。父母愛子女這個叫慈愛,子女愛父母這叫孝,它是天然的。我們和父母,父母和我們,這個親愛它的特點是三個字:無條件。沒有條件的親愛,這是自然的人文關係。自然規律、自然秩序、自然關係,沒有條件。我們看動物世界,有多少畜生為了保護孩子,命都不要了。烏鴉尚知道反哺,沒有條件。現在親愛父母變成了有條件,不是無條件了。子女對父母開條件,說爸爸你要能這座房子給我,我就怎麼怎麼樣。父母對子女開條件,如考上大學爸爸給你獎勵多少多少錢。都是有條件啊。甚至子女忙自己的事情,看望父母的時間都沒有。這變成什麼了?父子有親的那種天倫大道,無條件的親和愛,完全破壞了。父子有親是符合天性的,符合自然規律,符合自然關係的道的,我們要不要順從道?要,你要按照自然規律去生活,你就是有德行啊,就這麼簡單。

  第二個是長幼有序。這種秩序是真正的平等,我們現在孝順父母,尊敬老師,我們將來也會當父母,也會當師長,子孫也孝敬我們,學生也恭敬我們。

  三是夫婦有別,現在夫妻戰爭為什麼那麼多呢?原因就是沒有這個倫常的教導:夫婦有別。當太太的你要會當太太,當丈夫的你要會當丈夫。男子和女子的屬性不一樣。我們講自然之道,就要做符合你天性的那個身份。現在年輕的女孩子,本分沒有做到,到外面去做不該做的事情,該做什麼?四個字:相夫教子。天天違背這些東西,夭折、疾病、災禍、災難你跑不掉,真的是這樣。但是我遇到過很多女強人,她能把家裏照顧的很好,這個太好了。就是她先把自己的本分做的很好了,同時她又能做利及他人。有人說你這是大男子主義,是壓制女性,這又是誤會了,中國自古以來沒有欺壓過婦女,而是推崇婦女,為什麼?一個家族的興旺,人家把自己家的兒子都託付給你了,就看你這個當太太的會不會當了。我們社會一直在呼籲大師,為什麼出不來大師,為什麼出不來偉人?有一個至關重要的答案:沒有大師的母親了。楊振寧博士就講:我三千個漢字是我媽媽教我的,怎麼做人,也是我媽媽教的。做一個好媽媽也是十分偉大重要的,孟母三遷,孟子有一個好媽媽,他才能成為一代偉人。中國人至少已經斷了三代不講傳統文化了,不講女子安守女子道,男子安守男子道,再加上西方價值觀的影響,所以生病、災禍,家裏出現很多的亂像,原因是什麼?原因是家裏沒有一個好太太,沒有一個好媽媽,沒有一個好奶奶、外婆。

  四是君臣有義,當領導和當下屬的大家是什麼關係?大家是道義的關係。

  最後一個是朋友有信。自然萬物,你找不出一樣東西是不守信用的。而我們天天遲到天天不守信用,違背了誠信,就是違背了自然的秩序、自然的關係、自然的規律。人不守信用就亂套,在家裏,在單位你不守信用,就是違背自然規律,就“立見消亡”。這不是迷信,是真的自然科學。

  現在為什麼父子也不親了,長幼也沒有秩序了,夫婦打成一鍋粥了,然後君臣也不講道義了,朋友根本不講信用,為什麼呢?原因只有一個,就是沒有了教育,一旦這教育恢復,實現和諧社會、和諧家庭、和諧身心,絕對不難,難在哪里?難在你不肯相信。

  現在的人欲望太重,每一個人都欲望熾熱,完全糊塗了,欲望把我們的心給包裹住了,像廚房裏的燈泡一樣,被油煙熏黑了,到最後到廚房開燈跟沒開燈一樣了。其實燈裏面亮不亮?亮,但被油煙糊死了的。我們要擦燈泡,先擦自己的燈泡,和諧自己的身心,擦一點亮一點,最後身心就光明了,一切災禍、不和諧全都消失了。這就是傳統文化的教育。

  摘自《趨吉避凶——重新認識中華傳統文化》(陳大惠先生在“弘揚中華傳統文化,做有道德的人”大型公益論壇上的演講)

本篇發表於 不可思議, 世說佛語, 奇人軼事, 為他拍拍手。將永久鍊結加入書籤。

[[轉載]]倫常乖舛,立見消亡 有 3 則回應

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